From the Youtube description
This march was written by Strauss was to 'celebrate' (if that is the correct word), the alliance made in Vienna on 16th December 1854 with the 'Treaty of Alliance' between France and England in order to be allied against the Russians in the Crimean War (1853-1856). The signing took place between John Fane, Earl of Westmoreland and Baron Franz Adolf Bourquenay. The Austrian government had no involvement in the event of the war and had simply allowed Vienna to be used as a diplomatic 'go-between'.
The first performance took place in the Vienna Volksgarten on 26th December 1854 at the festive opening of the new 'Glass Salon' pavilion in the Wintergarten. Other works performed on that day were the 'Nachtfalter' Walzer opus 157 and the 'Napoleon' Marsch opus 156