The term Vivandiere is innapropriate for the Second Empire.VIvandiere is the 1st Empire terminology. Cantiniere is the 2nd EMpire terminology adopted in 1852. There were only ever four such women per battalion. Until the 1840s they were not allowed to wear uniforms because they were civilian employees of the War Ministry, responsible to the Quarter-Master General. They were not as popularly thought female soldiers. They reached the hight of their popularity in the Second Empire and thereafter the Third Republic tried its best to get rid of them.